Cervical cancer: PID raises risk for second primary malignancy

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Takeaway
  • Higher frequencies of second primary cancers were observed in women with cervical cancer treated by only surgery, and those with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) had higher incidences of second primary cancers.
Why this matters
  • Women with risk factors such as PID may need closer monitoring for second primary cancers.
Study design
  • Retrospective controlled cohort study that investigated whether PID or other risk factors increased the risk for second primary cancers in patients with cervical cancer treated by surgery alone; 24,444 patients were identified from a large nationwide database.
  • Funding: None disclosed.
Key results
  • The 5-y OS for all patients treated by surgery alone without adjuvant or definite radiotherapy or chemotherapy...