- Exposure to antibiotics in the first 3 y of life was associated with increased risk of developing childhood asthma.
- No association between early life exposure to antibiotics and risk for exacerbation.
Why this matters
- Increased use of antibiotics in early childhood has been reported, with the highest rate of antibiotic use (18.7%) occurring in children aged 1 mo to 18 y treated for bacterial lower respiratory tract infection.
- Previous studies have reported conflicting findings regarding early life antibiotic exposure and risk for childhood asthma.
- Based on the present findings, more judicious use of antibiotics in young children should be considered.
- Study utilized data from 4 childhood cohorts comprising 9758 participants.
- Funding: Health Infor...